Basic First Aid for Everyone to Survive in Style

basic first aid

If you’re going to survive, for sure you will need to know basic first aid.

Get to know the following basic first aid techniques and for sure carry a well stocked first aid kit in your bug out bag and an even bigger first aid box in your car with backup first aid supplies in your store room

Remember to wear surgical gloves when treating open wounds, OK.

And remain calm and think clearly. Call the emergency services and follow their instructions

Chocking

When an adult or a child is chocking and finding it difficult to breath:

  • Ask the person to cough
  • Support their upper body, ask them to lean forward and give five sharp blows with the heel of your hand between their shoulder blades
  • The Hiemlich Manoeuvre:
  • Stand behind the person
  • Put both arms around the upper abdomen
  • Lean the person forward
  • Clench your fist and place between navel and bottom of rib cage
  • Grasp clenched fist with other hand
  • Pull upwards and inwards sharply
  • Repeat up to five times
  • If still chocking call the emergency services

Continue the cycle of back blows and abdominal thrusts until the obstruction is cleared

Severe Bleeding

In basic first aid, the priority is to stop the bleeding.

Apply direct pressure to the wound with a pad or your fingers.

If there is an object embedded, do not remove it. Apply pressure each side of the object

Secure the pad or dressing with a bandage to control the bleeding

Lay person down and raise their legs to treat for shock

Get to an emergency room or call the emergency services

Unconscious Not Responding

Check their airways is open, clear and they are breathing

If breathing OK, put them in the recovery position

If they’re not breathing start CPR

The Recovery Position

The casualty is lying down, on their back, make sure their legs are straight

Kneel by the side of the casualty

Place the arm closest to you at right angles to their body

Bring the other hand across their chest and hold their hand on their cheek closest to you

With your other hand, grasp just below the knee of the casulaty’s furthest log and pull it upwards and towards you, rolling the casualty onto their side

Adjust their head and make sure their airway is clear and they are breathing

CPR – Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Wow, a mouthful of medical words.

What basic first aid can you do if the casualty is not breathing.

Call for help! The emergency services

  • Start CPR
    • Lay patient on their back, tilt head, lift chin, make sure airway is clear
    • Place one hand on centre of their chest
    • Place heel of your other hand on top of the first and interlock fingers (keeping your fingers off their ribs)
    • Lean directly over their chest and press down vertically about 2 inches (5 cm)
    • Release the pressure but keep hands in place

Give thirty compressions at a rate of 2 per second (Think the Bee Gees and their song “Staying Alive” Oh, Oh, Oh, Oh, Stayin’ alive…)

Continue CPR until the emergency services arrive…

You will need to learn more basic first aid techniques in case of emergencies…

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